Environmental Defence Canada

116 Spadina Ave Suite 300
Toronto, ON M5V 2K6
Executive Director: Tim Gray
Board Chair: Eric Stevenson

Charitable Reg. #:11883 0835 RR0001


Ci's Star Rating is calculated based on the following independent metrics:

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Audited financial statements available only upon request.



Grade based on the charity's public reporting of the work it does and the results it achieves.



The demonstrated impact per dollar Ci calculates from available program information.


Charity's cash and investments (funding reserves) relative to how much it spends on programs in most recent year.



For a dollar donated, after overhead costs of fundraising and admin/management (excluding surplus) 58 cents are available for programs.

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About Environmental Defence Canada:

Founded in 1984, Environmental Defence Canada (EDC) aims to protect Canada’s fresh water and land, eliminate toxins in the environment, and promote clean energy alternatives. EDC works with the government, industrial companies and individual Canadians to achieve these goals. The charity’s programs look to address issues that fall into four major buckets: toxic chemicals, climate and clean economy, land and water. Environmental Defence Canada’s headquarters is in Toronto, Ontario.

With its Climate and Clean Economy program (34% of program costs in F2017), EDC focuses on pushing Canada towards more sustainable energy options. EDC believes that climate change is Canada’s largest threat and is putting the country’s water, food and health at risk. By building a clean economy and reducing carbon pollution, the charity believes it will lead to cleaner air, improved public health, new jobs and more opportunities for Canadian companies. EDC is advocating for a cap on Alberta’s tar sands pollution and a reduction in the use of fossil fuels, amongst other projects.

The charity’s Safeguarding Canada’s Freshwater program (30% of program costs in F2017) focuses on fighting pollution, strengthening Great Lakes protection, and working with communities to ensure beaches and marinas are sustainably managed. EDC notes that Canada’s Great Lakes hold over 20% of the world’s surface freshwater and provide drinking water to millions of people while supporting multiple billion dollar economies. The charity’s major freshwater protection program is Blue Flag, an eco-certification program for Canadian beaches and marinas. EDC evaluates community waterfronts for high water quality, safety standards, cleanliness and accessibility. To date, 27 beaches and 8 marinas across Canada are Blue Flag-certified, representing 530,000 square meters of protected shoreline.

Through its Creating Livable Communities program (19% of program costs in F2017), EDC focuses on protecting natural areas, such as the Ontario Greenbelt, from urban sprawl and other industrial expansion projects. By directing growth to existing urban areas, the charity believes it will improve the protection of farms, nature and water.

Its Kicking Out Toxic Chemicals program (17% of program costs in F2017) aims to eliminate harmful materials from consumer products, stop the use of toxic chemicals in the environment and inform Canadians about dangerous materials present in common household products. The charity notes that products that Canadians use daily still contain toxic chemicals that are linked to health issues such as cancer, obesity and asthma.


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Results and Impact

In October 2017, due to Environmental Defence Canada’s advocacy work in its Climate and Clean Economy program, TransCanada announced it was not moving forward its Energy East pipeline proposal. In October 2016, because of the charity’s Safeguarding Freshwater efforts, the Ontario government announced new rules for water bottlers, including a two-year ban on new water bottling operations. In February 2018, EDC celebrated when Ontario cancelled the construction of highway 413, saving thousands of acres of prime farmland and forested areas in Vaughan.

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Environmental Defence Canada is a medium-sized charity with total donations of $2.8m in F2017. Administrative costs are 25% of revenues and fundraising costs are 17% of donations. Per dollar donated to the charity, $0.58 goes towards its programs, falling outside Ci’s reasonable range for overhead spending. The charity’s overhead cost ratio has remained relatively stable since F2014. Environmental Defence Canada's audited financial statements do not disclose fundraising and administrative costs. This information comes from EDC's annual filing with the CRA Charities Directorate.

EDC holds funding reserves of $563k which can cover only 33% of annual program costs, indicating a need for donations.

Environmental Defence Canada uses external fundraisers as part of its fundraising activities. In F2017, EDC reported paying $46k to external fundraisers that raised $142k. For every dollar raised from external fundraisers, it paid $0.32 to the third party.

This charity report is an update that has been sent to Environmental Defence Canada for review. Changes and edits may be forthcoming.

Updated on July 4, 2018 by Derek Houlberg.

Financial Review

Financial Ratios

Fiscal year ending March
Administrative costs as % of revenues 25.0%20.5%16.5%
Fundraising costs as % of donations 16.9%21.0%27.3%
Program cost coverage (%) 33.0%13.6%30.1%

Summary Financial Statements

All figures in $s
Donations 2,770,7222,683,9032,998,687
Government funding 197,762237,923117,474
Other income 23,57410,44712,242
Total revenues 2,992,0582,932,2733,128,403
Program costs 1,704,0781,945,1861,976,438
Grants 003,683
Administrative costs 749,340601,540516,314
Fundraising costs 468,216564,701817,219
Cash flow from operations 70,424(179,154)(185,251)
Funding reserves 562,512264,865596,388

Note: Ci reports on a cash basis and adjusted for deferred donations, affecting total revenues by $281k in F2017, ($196k) in F2016 and ($103k) in F2015. Ci gathered all expense figures from the charity’s T3010 CRA filings and backed out amortization from program, admin and fundraising costs on a pro-rata basis.

Salary Information

Full-time staff: 26

Avg. Compensation: $60,226

Top 10 staff salary range:

$350k +
$300k - $350k
$250k - $300k
$200k - $250k
$160k - $200k
$120k - $160k
$80k - $120k
$40k - $80k
< $40k

Information from most recent CRA Charities Directorate filings for F2017

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Comments & Contact

Comments added by the Charity:

Charity Contact

Website: www.environmentaldefence.ca
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