Donor Report: Nepal Earthquake Response Report: Two Years and Beyond
Raised: No information found
Spending: US$52.5 million
Expertise: Christian development with humanitarian aid for disaster responses
Key Activities: Charity Intelligence assesses World Vision's disaster response in Nepal as best due to its spending mix and speed. World Vision spent 62% of its disaster relief funds in the three areas the people in Nepal said they need most - shelter, cash transfers and livelihoods. For comparison, Plan International spent 40% in Nepal's three highest-need areas.
World Vision's response was also fast with a clear plan to get disaster response done within 3 years. It clearly distinguishes disaster relief from long-term development. By December 2016, 20 months after the earthquake, World Vision had spent 69% of its funds. It spent 20% in Phase 1 Disaster (US$10.5m - April - September 2015), 49% in Phase 2 Recovery ($25.7m spent between October 2015-December 2016). It plans to spend the remaining 31% in the final phase ($16.3m) between January 2017 and April 2018.
Of the ten charities evaluated, World Vision has the best financial transparency. It provides clear financial information on 1. how much was spent, 2. when it was spent, and 3. what it was spent on. World Vision provides detailed breakdowns of spending both by disaster phase and also by sectors[i]
World Vision has made one of the largest commitments to cash transfers in delivering humanitarian aid[ii]. It has raised cash transfers from 5% of aid programs to 30% in F2015. Cash transfers are one of the most significant recent innovations in humanitarian aid. Cash gives people hit by disaster greater dignity, choice and flexibility. Rather than receiving “stuff” charities think people need, cash gives people the flexibility to choose. Donors should also like cash: it is effective, fast, and cheap.
In Nepal, World Vision’s cash program had three tranches covering unconditional cash transfers, cash-for-work, and cash-for-training. World Vision spent US$15.8 million in cash to 36,538 families and other livelihood supports. World Vision’s cash transfers did have a glitch. Some families eligible for cash did not receive it. This was resolved.[iii]
In providing permanent shelter, World Vision had the second highest commitment to building homes (second to Samaritan’s Purse). It built 307 homes with 50 homes to be built for vulnerable families. Shelter expertise is one area responding charities typically lack expertise. To fill this gap, World Vision partnered with Colorado-based Build Change for its expertise in resilient shelter repairs and construction[iv].
World Vision’s financial transparency could improve. WVI reports spending as a share of “direct program costs only”, with no full explanation of what this excludes. Cash distributions are not reported separately but are embedded in sector information.
World Vision International “Cash First, but not always”, May 16, 2016
Sarah Holst, “Improving relief distribution in post-earthquake Nepal through citizen engagement”, Winner of the 2016 Feedbacks Labs, June 3, 2016
Build Change http://www.buildchange.org/locations/nepal/
More Charity Intelligence reports on Nepal Earthquake 2015 disaster response:
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